READING FLUENCY


When a child starts to read, parents start to hear new reading terms which they hadn't heard before. They hear words like fluency, automaticity, modeling and rate or speed of reading.

On this page you will find answers to these questions:


What is reading fluency?
How does it relate to comprehension?


Fluency is the ability to read accurately and quickly with appropriate intonation and expression. Without it, comprehension is compromised. When a student can’t read smoothly and accurately, he will have trouble remembering what he has just read.


UPDATE:  From:  The Reading Teacher, April 2015, vol 68, #7

"We have 70 years of evidence that children are more likely to learn to read and to learn content when the text can be read with a high level of accuracy and comprehension."


Fluency comes with accuracy.  As a child is able to read with accuracy because he is able to decode a word quickly, then he will become a faster reader.  HOWEVER, just because a child is a fast reader doesn't necessarily mean he is comprehending what he is reading.

The following is a measure of text complexity and comprehension of that text.

LEVELS OF READING


INDEPENDENT


INSTRUCTIONAL 


FRUSTRATION

ACCURACY


99%


98% - 95%


Below 90%

COMPREHENSION


90%


89% - 75%


Below 50%


LACK OF FLUENCY

A lack of fluency might be caused by:

  • The student doesn’t have sufficient background knowledge.

  • Student doesn’t have sufficient vocabulary knowledge.

  • Student might have a reading disability.

  • Student doesn’t have decoding skills.


  • What’s the difference between
    fluency and automaticity?


    Automaticity is fast effortless word recognition with expression. A student who is a fluent reader will not only have automaticity but will read with intonation and expression.

    A student who is a fluent reader is not guaranteed to have comprehension of what she just read. Often times teachers mistakingly think that a student that reads smoothly comprehends what she is reading. Courtney was one such student.

    Read Courtney's Story.

    Fluent readers will enjoy reading more than non-fluent readers because they don’t have to concentrate on decoding words. They are easy to listen to because they enjoy the material they are reading.


    What does it mean to model reading?

    Reading fluency needs to be built. It doesn’t just happen for most students. Parents and teachers need to model how it is done. Using all or a combination of the following techniques will help your child with reading fluency:

    • Parent or teacher reading aloud


    • Reader models intonation and expression


    • Does echo reading with student


    • Read the same passage 3 to 5 times. Time. Read until the same rate (or less) has been reached three times.



    How do I know if my child has a problem
    with reading fluency?


    If the student has one error for every 10 words, then he has an accuracy problem. However, if he has very few errors for the passage but a low rate, then he probably has a fluency problem.


    For instance, if he read a 100 word passage and had 10 errors or more, than he needs to concentrate on reading the words correctly by slowing down. If he read the passage and had less than 5 errors, and his time was very slow, then he has a fluency problem.



    How do I know my child's reading level?

    The following graph will help you determine your child's silent and oral reading level.

    Grade Silent Reading Oral Reading
    2nd 70 – 100 WPM 66 – 104 WPM
    3rd 95 – 130 WPM 86 – 124 WPM
    4th 120 – 170 WPM 95 – 130 WPM
    5th 160 – 210 WPM 108 – 140 WPM
    6th 180 – 230 WPM 112 – 145WPM
    7th 180 – 240 WPM 122 – 155WPM

    (Graph courtesy of 2ed.gov)

    To figure WPM(words read per minute): Multiply the # of words read by 60 Divide that number by total # of seconds read.

    To figure WCPM(words correctly read per minute): Multiply the # of words read correctly by 60 Divide that number by the total # of seconds read.

    Fill in this form if you have a question that hasn't been answered.

    CONTACT ME

    Please note that all fields followed by an asterisk must be filled in.

    Please enter the word that you see below.

      





    Leave Fluency page;

    Return to the SITE MAP

    New! Comments

    Let me hear from you about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.


    WELCOME!


    "LIKE" my FACEBOOK page and join my social network...

    ...where we will discuss education issues, learning disabilities, share ideas and much more.

    NOTICE...
    I do not have an e-zine so you won't get annoying notifications that you have another "e-zine" that you don't have time to read.  

    INSTEAD,
    "like" my FaceBook page and you can find helpful websites and fun information on a daily basis (when you are on FaceBook)

    Follow Me on Pinterest



    SUPPORT THESE SPONSORS









    Visit ISeeMe.com for the best personalized children's gifts.





    Frecklebox Personalized Coloring Books




    Here are some excellent workbooks and resources to teach your child at home.










    STAY INFORMED
    with
    The Reading Cornerstone
    Newsletter/e-zine

    Enter Your E-mail Address
    Enter Your First Name (optional)
    Then

    Don't worry — your e-mail address is totally secure.
    I promise to use it only to send you THE READING CORNER E-ZINE.